Arizona Archaeological Society

 

 
 

2021-2022 MEETING SCHEDULE

Sept. 14

Kyle Woodson

The Impact of Flooding on Hohokam Irrigation Agriculture.

Oct. 12

Christopher Schwartz   

Transporting and Raising Scarlet Macaws in the Pre-Hispanic US Southwest and Mexican Northwest.

Nov. 9

Steven R. James

Zooarchaeology at Pueblo Grande: Late 1930s WPA Excavations and Recent Studies of Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns.

Dec. 14

Pearce Paul Creasman

Introduction to the Archaeology of Jordan (from Jordan)


NOVEMBER 2021 CHAPTER NEWS





November Meeting: Our Nov. 9th Zoom meeting will feature Steven R. James, Ph. D., who will talk about Zooarchaeology at Pueblo Grande: Late 1930s WPA Excavations and Recent Studies of Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns. Dr. James is an anthropological archaeologist with over 45 years of research and experience primarily in California, the Great Basin, and the American Southwest, but also in Hawaii. His research interests are diverse and include zooarchaeology, human impacts on the environment, pueblo architecture and use of space, and the history of anthropology and archaeology, including 1930s New Deal archaeology in California and the American Southwest.

He has authored many peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. His publications include a co-edited book titled The Archaeology of Global Change: The Impact of Humans on Their Environment published by the Smithsonian Institution Press as well as a book chapter on prehistoric hunting and fishing patterns in the American Southwest in an edited volume as a Smithsonian Contribution to Knowledge. His recent research involves archaeological investigations in the Flagstaff and Sedona areas of the Colorado Plateau and Verde Valley, in the San Bernardino Mountains of the Mojave Desert, and excavations at a Millingstone Horizon site in Southern California with field classes from Cal State Fullerton.

October Meeting: Our Oct. 12th Zoom meeting featured Christopher Schwartz, Ph.D., who gave us a great talk about Transporting and Raising Scarlet Macaws in the Pre-Hispanic U. S. Southwest and Mexican Northwest. Archaeologists have long known that pre-contact groups in the U. S. Southwest and Mexican Northwest procured, raised, and even bred scarlet macaws (Ara macao). Their bones have been found at numerous archaeological sites and they are also depicted in murals and petroglyphs. He covered topics such as where they came from (probably the Gulf Coast of Mexico), who brought them to the southwest (traders or ritual specialists?), what they ate (maize) and how they may have been transported (they are loud and have very strong beaks, would have been easiest to move when young (or possibly sedated?).

Upcomoing Meetings (via Zoom):

Dec. 14: Pearce Paul Creasman, Ph.D., Introduction to the Archaeology of Jordan, from Jordan.

Jan.  11: Christopher R. Caseldine, Ph.D., What is Hohokam?: Thoughts from the Tonto Basin and Below the Mogollon Rim

--Ellie Large



Click here to download Phoenix Chapter Membership form


**For chapter news from earlier this year, go to the bottom of this page.

Phoenix Chapter Officers

Office Office Holder Telephone Email
President Ellie Large 480-461-0563 elarge@cox.net
Exec VP/Field Trips Eric Feldman 480-296-5217 feldbrain@gmail.com
Treasurer, Acting Gail Williams 480-855-7735 glwilliamsaz@yahoo.com
Secretary/Education Ellen Martin 480-820-1474 e13martin@hotmail.com
1-Year Dir/Membership
Vacant


2-Year Dir/
Phyllis Smith 623-694-8245 76desert@gmail.com
3-Year Dir/Newsletter Nancy Unferth 602-371-1165
nferth@aol.com
Archivist/Cert Rep Marie Britton 480-827-8070 mbrit@cox.net
Advisor Laurene Montero 602-495-0901 laurene.montero@phoenix.gov 



PGM STABILIZATION - PHOENIX CHAPTER

Pueblo Grande is a Classic Period Hohokam site located in downtown Phoenix at Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park. This archaeological site has been designated a National Historic Landmark. For the past thirteen years the Arizona Archaeology Society, Phoenix Chapter volunteers along with the Southwest Archaeology Team have participated in doing stabilization, reconstruction, and general maintenance on the platform mound and adjacent room structures.

After the Hohokam abandoned this site, it fell into a state of self-stabilization where walls become protected by the material that eroded from above. Early excavations, especially in the 1930's, exposed many of these walls again. These adobe walls have been subjected to constant erosion from wind and rain as well as other agents of deterioration. Consequently, new adobe mud must be applied periodically to keep these structures from melting away. Stone faced walls require repointing to keep the stones from falling from the wall. Exposed room walls are protected by applying a thin layer of mud to the wall surface. Monitoring these architectural features for erosion damage is an on-going task.

A dedicated group of volunteers, known as the PGM Mudslingers meet one Saturday a month except in July and August. The Mudslingers work is coordinated by Laurene Montero (Phoenix City Archaeologist). All work is documented by detailed field notes and photos.

This partnership between the Mudslingers and the City Archaeologist is a great benefit to Pueblo Grande Museum and is very much appreciated by the Museum Director and the Parks and Recreation Department staff.



LOCAL MUSEUMS

Museum

Location

Website

Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park

4619 E. Washington Street, Phoenix AZ 85034

(602) 495-0901

Pueblo Grande Museum

Huhugam Heritage Center

 21359 S Maricopa Rd, Chandler, AZ 85226

grichhc.org

Huhugam Ki Museum

10005 E. Osborn Road, Scottsdale, Arizona 85256

(480) 850-8190

Huhugam Ki Museum

Arizona Museum of Natural History

53 N. Macdonald St., Mesa, AZ 85201

(480) 664-2230

Arizona Museum of Natural History

Cave Creek Museum

6140 East Skyline Drive, Cave Creek, AZ 85331

(480) 488-2764

Cave Creek Museum

San Tan Historical Society Museum 

20425 S Old Ellsworth Rd., Queen Creek, Az

(480) 987-9380

 San Tan Historical Society Museum

Scottsdale's Museum of the West

3830 N. Marshall Way, Scottsdale, AZ 85251

(480) 686-9539

 Scottsdale's Museum of the West


OCTOBER 2021 CHAPTER NEWS

October Meeting: Our next Zoom meeting on Tuesday, Oct. 12th at 7:30 pm, will feature Christopher Schwartz, Ph.D., who will talk about Transporting and Raising Scarlet Macaws in the Pre-Hispanic U. S. Southwest and Mexican Northwest. A Zoom invite will be sent out to all chapter members several days before it. Archaeologists have long known that people in the pre-Hispanic U. S. Southwest and Mexican Northwest procured, raised, and even bred scarlet macaws (Ara macao) far from their endemic habitat in eastern and southern Mexico. Even so, researchers still reduce macaws to “exotic items” on trait lists when discussing exchange, effectively removing the human experience of procuring and raising these animals and the details that can be learned from considering these activities. He will draw on ethno-historical accounts, archaeological understandings of exchange, and macaw biology to offer a fresh perspective on the human experience of transporting and raising scarlet macaws in the past.

Christopher Schwartz is a Lecturer in the Department of Anthropology at NAU. He received an M.A. from ASU in 1975 and a Ph.D. from ASU in 2020. His dissertation research combined his interests in long-distance exchange and isotope biogeochemistry to explore the acquisition, treatment, and deposition of scarlet macaws at three regional centers (Pueblo Bonito in northwest New Mexico, Wupatki in northern Arizona, and Paquimé in northwestern Chihuahua) located in the US southwest and Mexican northwest between 900 and 1450 CE. His research demonstrated that past people interpreted rare and non-local scarlet macaws in different ways, which corresponded to region-specific patterns of acquisition and deposition in larger processes of place-making over time and across space in the US Southwest and Mexican Northwest. He is the author of A Contextual Analysis of Ritual Fauna and Socially Integrative Architecture in the Tonto Basin, Arizona (Kiva 84:3:317–341) and co-author of Investigating Pre-Hispanic Scarlet Macaw Origins through Radiogenic Stron-tium Isotope Analysis at Paquimé in Chihuahua, Mexico (Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 61:101256).

September Meeting: Our last meeting, on Tuesday, Sept. 14th, featured Kyle Woodson, Director of the Gila River Indian Community’s Cultural Resource Management Program who discussed The Impact of Flooding on Hohokam Irrigation Agriculture, focusing on the large riverine floodplain of the middle Gila River in south-central Arizona. He examined our assumptions about what we know about floods, their effects on floodplains and canal irrigation agriculture, and the human responses to flood impacts. He explained why some of our current models are not directly applicable to the Gila River basin, explained why we need to know more about flooding and the impact of floods on prehistoric irrigators, and suggested ways to know more about these topics.

Fall Meeting Schedule (via Zoom):

Nov. 9:     Steven R. James, Ph. D., Zooarchaeology at Pueblo Grande: Late 1930s WPA Excavations and Recent Studies of Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns.

Dec. 14:   Pearce Paul Creasman, Ph.D., Introduction to the Archaeology of Jordan, from Jordan


--Ellie Large


SEPTEMBER 2021 CHAPTER NEWS

September Meeting: Our next Zoom meeting, on Tuesday, Sept. 14th at 7:30 pm, will feature Kyle Woodson, Director of the Gila River Indian Community’s Cultural Resource Management Program. He will discuss The Impact of Flooding on Hohokam Irrigation Agriculture, with a focus on the large riverine floodplain of the middle Gila River in south-central Arizona. He will examine our assumptions about what we know about floods, their effects on floodplains and canal irrigation agriculture, and the human responses to flood impacts. He will also explore why we need to know more about flooding and the impact of floods on prehistoric irrigators, and will makes suggestions about how we can know more about these topics.

Kyle has served the past nine years as the Director of the Gila River Indian Community’s Cultural Resource Management Program in Sacaton, Arizona. He has studied the archaeology and history of southern Arizona for 30 years with experience in tribal, academic, and CRM archaeology. He received B.A. and M.A. degrees in Anthropology in 1992 and 1995 from the University of Texas at Austin; and his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Arizona State University in 2010. His doctoral dissertation was published in 2016 as a book entitled The Social Organization of Hohokam Irrigation in the Middle Gila River Valley, Arizona.

His research focuses on southern Arizona and includes Hohokam canal irrigation agriculture, community organization, and ceramic production and technology, as well as Ancestral Puebloan migrations. He has written extensively on these subjects, and has authored or co-authored numerous publications in various books and journals. His recent publications have appeared in the journals American Antiquity, Kiva, Journal of Arizona Archaeology, Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, Archaeometry, and Archaeology Southwest Magazine, as well as book chapter titled “Preclassic Hohokam” (with Douglas Craig [deceased]) in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology.

I will send out a Zoom Invitation to all Phoenix chapter members the week before the meeting. The waiting room will open at 7 pm for those who want to enter early. There will be time for Q&A after the talk.

Fall Meeting Schedule (via Zoom):

Oct. 14:    Christopher Schwartz, Ph.D., Transporting and Raising Scarlet Macaws in the Pre-Hispanic US Southwest and Mexican Northwest.

Nov. 9:     Steven R. James, Ph. D., Zooarchaeology at Pueblo Grande: Late 1930s WPA Excavations and Recent Studies of Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns.

Dec. 14:   Pearce Paul Creasman, Ph.D., Introduction to the Archaeology of Jordan, from Jordan.

Hikes and Field Trips: If you have any suggestions, please contact Eric at feldbrain@hotmail.com.

--Ellie Large

Click here to download September flyer

MARCH 2021 CHAPTER NEWS

March Meeting: Our next Zoom meeting, on Tuesday, March 9th at 7:30 pm, will feature Todd Bostwick, Megalithic Tombs and Temples of Ireland: Sacred Architecture and Art on the Emerald Isle, circa 4000-2000BC by Todd W. Bostwick, PhD. About 6,000 years ago, the Neolithic inhabitants of Ireland began successfully farming wheat and barley while also raising cattle and sheep. They also built large stone structures, some truly megalithic in size, that apparently served various social and ritual purposes. Some of the megalithic structures are covered, both inside and out, with elaborate geometric petroglyphs as shown in the photo below. The petroglyphs  have been interpreted as astronomical markers related to lunar cycles, trance imagery, or other meanings. Some structures are part of large-scale site complexes, such as New Grange, and are scattered across sacred landscapes. In this talk Dr. Bostwick will summarize the development of megalithic structures in Ireland, including passage tombs, court tombs, portal tombs, wedge tombs, and stone circles. Although originally identified as tombs, many of the megalithic structures are now thought to be better understood as temples where only a few individuals were buried.

Dr. Bostwick has been a professional archaeologist for more than 40 years. He has an MA in Anthropology and a PhD in History from Arizona State University (ASU). He was the Phoenix City Archaeologist for 21 years at Pueblo Grande Museum and the Director of Archaeology at the Verde Valley Archaeology Center in Camp Verde for 9 years. He also taught classes for seven years at both ASU and Northern Arizona University. Dr. Bostwick has published numerous books and articles on archaeology and history and has received awards from the National Park Service, the Arizona Governor’s Office, the State Historic Preservation Office, the  Arizona Archaeological Society, and the City of Phoenix.

I will send out a Zoom Invitation to all Phoenix chapter members the week before the meeting. The waiting room will open at 7 pm for those who want to enter early. There