Arizona Archaeological Society

 

 
 

2021-2022 MEETING SCHEDULE


Sept. 14

Kyle Woodson

The Impact of Flooding on Hohokam Irrigation Agriculture.

Oct. 12

Christopher Schwartz   

Transporting and Raising Scarlet Macaws in the Pre-Hispanic US Southwest and Mexican Northwest.

Nov. 9

Steven R. James

Zooarchaeology at Pueblo Grande: Late 1930s WPA Excavations and Recent Studies of Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns.

Dec. 14

Pearce Paul Creasman

Introduction to the Archaeology of Jordan (from Jordan)


SEPTEMBER 2021 CHAPTER NEWS

September Meeting: Our next Zoom meeting, on Tuesday, Sept. 14th at 7:30 pm, will feature Kyle Woodson, Director of the Gila River Indian Community’s Cultural Resource Management Program. He will discuss The Impact of Flooding on Hohokam Irrigation Agriculture, with a focus on the large riverine floodplain of the middle Gila River in south-central Arizona. He will examine our assumptions about what we know about floods, their effects on floodplains and canal irrigation agriculture, and the human responses to flood impacts. He will also explore why we need to know more about flooding and the impact of floods on prehistoric irrigators, and will makes suggestions about how we can know more about these topics.

Kyle has served the past nine years as the Director of the Gila River Indian Community’s Cultural Resource Management Program in Sacaton, Arizona. He has studied the archaeology and history of southern Arizona for 30 years with experience in tribal, academic, and CRM archaeology. He received B.A. and M.A. degrees in Anthropology in 1992 and 1995 from the University of Texas at Austin; and his Ph.D. in Anthropology from Arizona State University in 2010. His doctoral dissertation was published in 2016 as a book entitled The Social Organization of Hohokam Irrigation in the Middle Gila River Valley, Arizona.

His research focuses on southern Arizona and includes Hohokam canal irrigation agriculture, community organization, and ceramic production and technology, as well as Ancestral Puebloan migrations. He has written extensively on these subjects, and has authored or co-authored numerous publications in various books and journals. His recent publications have appeared in the journals American Antiquity, Kiva, Journal of Arizona Archaeology, Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, Archaeometry, and Archaeology Southwest Magazine, as well as book chapter titled “Preclassic Hohokam” (with Douglas Craig [deceased]) in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology.

I will send out a Zoom Invitation to all Phoenix chapter members the week before the meeting. The waiting room will open at 7 pm for those who want to enter early. There will be time for Q&A after the talk.

Fall Meeting Schedule (via Zoom):

Oct. 14:    Christopher Schwartz, Ph.D., Transporting and Raising Scarlet Macaws in the Pre-Hispanic US Southwest and Mexican Northwest.

Nov. 9:     Steven R. James, Ph. D., Zooarchaeology at Pueblo Grande: Late 1930s WPA Excavations and Recent Studies of Hohokam Hunting and Fishing Patterns.

Dec. 14:   Pearce Paul Creasman, Ph.D., Introduction to the Archaeology of Jordan, from Jordan.

Hikes and Field Trips: If you have any suggestions, please contact Eric at feldbrain@hotmail.com.

--Ellie Large

Click here to download September flyer

Click here to download Phoenix Chapter Membership Form


**For chapter news from earlier this year, go to the bottom of this page.

Phoenix Chapter Officers

Office Office Holder Telephone Email
President Ellie Large 480-461-0563 elarge@cox.net
Exec VP/Field Trips Eric Feldman 480-296-5217 feldbrain@gmail.com
Treasurer, Acting Gail Williams 480-855-7735 glwilliamsaz@yahoo.com
Secretary/Education Ellen Martin 480-820-1474 e13martin@hotmail.com
1-Year Dir/Membership
Vacant


2-Year Dir/
Phyllis Smith 623-694-8245 76desert@gmail.com
3-Year Dir/Newsletter Nancy Unferth 602-371-1165
nferth@aol.com
Archivist/Cert Rep Marie Britton 480-827-8070 mbrit@cox.net
Advisor Laurene Montero 602-495-0901 laurene.montero@phoenix.gov 



PGM STABILIZATION - PHOENIX CHAPTER

Pueblo Grande is a Classic Period Hohokam site located in downtown Phoenix at Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park. This archaeological site has been designated a National Historic Landmark. For the past thirteen years the Arizona Archaeology Society, Phoenix Chapter volunteers along with the Southwest Archaeology Team have participated in doing stabilization, reconstruction, and general maintenance on the platform mound and adjacent room structures.

After the Hohokam abandoned this site, it fell into a state of self-stabilization where walls become protected by the material that eroded from above. Early excavations, especially in the 1930's, exposed many of these walls again. These adobe walls have been subjected to constant erosion from wind and rain as well as other agents of deterioration. Consequently, new adobe mud must be applied periodically to keep these structures from melting away. Stone faced walls require repointing to keep the stones from falling from the wall. Exposed room walls are protected by applying a thin layer of mud to the wall surface. Monitoring these architectural features for erosion damage is an on-going task.

A dedicated group of volunteers, known as the PGM Mudslingers meet one Saturday a month except in July and August. The Mudslingers work is coordinated by Laurene Montero (Phoenix City Archaeologist). All work is documented by detailed field notes and photos.

This partnership between the Mudslingers and the City Archaeologist is a great benefit to Pueblo Grande Museum and is very much appreciated by the Museum Director and the Parks and Recreation Department staff.



LOCAL MUSEUMS

Museum

Location

Website

Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park

4619 E. Washington Street, Phoenix AZ 85034

(602) 495-0901

Pueblo Grande Museum

Huhugam Heritage Center

 21359 S Maricopa Rd, Chandler, AZ 85226

grichhc.org

Huhugam Ki Museum

10005 E. Osborn Road, Scottsdale, Arizona 85256

(480) 850-8190

Huhugam Ki Museum

Arizona Museum of Natural History

53 N. Macdonald St., Mesa, AZ 85201

(480) 664-2230

Arizona Museum of Natural History

Cave Creek Museum

6140 East Skyline Drive, Cave Creek, AZ 85331

(480) 488-2764

Cave Creek Museum

San Tan Historical Society Museum 

20425 S Old Ellsworth Rd., Queen Creek, Az

(480) 987-9380

 San Tan Historical Society Museum

Scottsdale's Museum of the West

3830 N. Marshall Way, Scottsdale, AZ 85251

(480) 686-9539

 Scottsdale's Museum of the West



MARCH 2021 CHAPTER NEWS

March Meeting: Our next Zoom meeting, on Tuesday, March 9th at 7:30 pm, will feature Todd Bostwick, Megalithic Tombs and Temples of Ireland: Sacred Architecture and Art on the Emerald Isle, circa 4000-2000BC by Todd W. Bostwick, PhD. About 6,000 years ago, the Neolithic inhabitants of Ireland began successfully farming wheat and barley while also raising cattle and sheep. They also built large stone structures, some truly megalithic in size, that apparently served various social and ritual purposes. Some of the megalithic structures are covered, both inside and out, with elaborate geometric petroglyphs as shown in the photo below. The petroglyphs  have been interpreted as astronomical markers related to lunar cycles, trance imagery, or other meanings. Some structures are part of large-scale site complexes, such as New Grange, and are scattered across sacred landscapes. In this talk Dr. Bostwick will summarize the development of megalithic structures in Ireland, including passage tombs, court tombs, portal tombs, wedge tombs, and stone circles. Although originally identified as tombs, many of the megalithic structures are now thought to be better understood as temples where only a few individuals were buried.

Dr. Bostwick has been a professional archaeologist for more than 40 years. He has an MA in Anthropology and a PhD in History from Arizona State University (ASU). He was the Phoenix City Archaeologist for 21 years at Pueblo Grande Museum and the Director of Archaeology at the Verde Valley Archaeology Center in Camp Verde for 9 years. He also taught classes for seven years at both ASU and Northern Arizona University. Dr. Bostwick has published numerous books and articles on archaeology and history and has received awards from the National Park Service, the Arizona Governor’s Office, the State Historic Preservation Office, the  Arizona Archaeological Society, and the City of Phoenix.

I will send out a Zoom Invitation to all Phoenix chapter members the week before the meeting. The waiting room will open at 7 pm for those who want to enter early. There will be time for Q&A after the talk.

February Meeting: The speaker for our Feb. 9th Zoom meeting was Ron Parker, an outdoorsman, xeric plant enthusiast, and amateur botanist who has been studying agave populations in Arizona for many years. He presented Ancient Agaves of Arizona in which he explained how archaeologists discovered that the curious rockpiles which covered many shallow slopes near Hohokam sites had been used to grow agaves for both fiber and food. Some very special types of agave continued to grow in these areas long after they were abandoned. These agaves appear to be anthropogenic cultivars - living archaeological relics developed and planted by indigenous Native Americans - and many appear to be growing exactly where they were planted hundreds of years ago. Ron maintains a well-known xeric plant discussion forum, Agaveville.org, an online repository for information on agaves and other succulent plants. For more information, his book, Chasing Centuries: The Search for Ancient Agave Cultivars Across the Desert Southwest, published in 2018, is available for purchase from Sunbelt Publications, Inc. (htttps/sunbeltpublications.com/authors/ron-parker/).

Upcoming Meetings:

Apr 13    Don Liponi, La Rumorosa: Rock Art Along the Border, Volume 2

May 11: TBD

Hikes and Field Trips: Our coordinators are working on finding hikes and field trips that can be attended safely given Covid-19 safety protocols. Details will be forthcoming. If you have any suggestions, please contact Phyllis at 76desert@gmail.com or Eric at feldbrain@hotmail.com.

--Ellie Large

Click here to download March flyer


FEBRUARY 2021 CHAPTER NEWS

February Meeting: Our next Zoom meeting, on Tuesday, Feb. 9th at 7:30 pm, will feature Ron Parker, author of Chasing Centuries: The Search for Ancient Agave Cultivars Across the Desert Southwest, who will present Ancient Agaves of Arizona. His talk will cover the duration of human and agave coevolution across the desert southwest, and the unusual agaves apparently associated with archaeological sites that were abandoned long ago. These agaves appear to be anthropogenic cultivars - living archaeological relics developed and planted by indigenous Native Americans - and many appear to be growing exactly where they were planted hundreds of years ago.

Ron Parker is an outdoorsman, xeric plant enthusiast, and amateur botanist who spends half his time gardening, and the other half exploring natural habitats across Arizona and neighboring states. He has been studying agave populations in Arizona for many years, and has been out in the field with renowned botanists and regional archaeologists. When not under the open sky, he maintains a well-known xeric plant discussion forum, Agaveville.org, an impressive online repository for information on agaves and other succulent plants. His book, Chasing Centuries: The Search for Ancient Agave Cultivars Across the Desert Southwest, published in 2018, is available for purchase from Sunbelt Publications, Inc. (htttps/sunbeltpublications.com/authors/ron-parker/)

January Meeting: Our Jan. 12th Zoom meeting featured Pat Gilman, Ph. D., who presented Ancient Macaws in Mimbres, Chaco and the Hohokam. She introduced us to several large and colorful birds – parrots, military macaws and scarlet macaws. Thick-billed parrots were once native to Arizona but the macaws are natives of Mexico and scarlet macaws are native to tropical regions of Mexico and Central America. The scarlet macaw was the most spectacular item in the ancient southwest that was obtained from Mexico. They were present and contemporary at Mimbres Classic and Chacoan sites from about A.D. 1000 to 1130 and even earlier in the Hohokam region. Dr. Gilman argues that people there was little commonality between Mimbres and Chaco in terms of how scarlet macaws were used and probably therefore their role within the social and religious systems. Despite this, the Mimbres and Chaco macaws belong to the same rare genetic group, suggesting they had the same breeding source. These patterns show the complexity of studying exotic items within their varying social contexts.

Upcoming Meetings:

Mar 9      Todd Bostwick, Megalithic Tombs and Temples of Ireland

Apr 13    Don Liponi, La Rumorosa: Rock Art Along the Border, Volume 2

Hikes and Field Trips: Our coordinators are working on finding hikes and field trips that can be attended safely given Covid-19 safety protocols. Details will be forthcoming. If you have any suggestions, please contact Phyllis at 76desert@gmail.com or Eric at feldbrain@hotmail.com.

--Ellie Large

JANUARY 2021 CHAPTER NEWS

December Meeting: The speaker for our first Zoom meeting on Dec. 8th was Patrick Lyons, Ph.D., Director, Arizona State Museum, who gave us an excellent presentation on the archaeology behind the book The Davis Ranch Site: A Kayenta Immigrant Enclave in Southeastern Arizona” recently published by the Amerind Foundation. The book reports the results of Rex Gerald’s 1957 excavations for the Amerind Foundation at the Davis Ranch Site in southeastern Arizona’s San Pedro River Valley. Lyons summarized Gerald’s findings and placed his work in the context of what is now known regarding the late thirteenth-century Kayenta diaspora and also the relationship between Kayenta immigrants and the Salado phenomenon.

Gerald and others identified the site as having been inhabited by people from the Kayenta area of northeastern Arizona and southeastern Utah. The results of Gerald’s excavations, coupled with information from Archaeology Southwest’s San Pedro Preservation Project (1990-2001), indicate that the people of the Davis Ranch Site were part of a network of dispersed immigrant enclaves responsible for the origin and the spread of Roosevelt Red Ware pottery, also known as Salado Red Ware and Salado Polychrome. Evidence from the Davis Ranch Site also lends support to Patricia Crown’s Roosevelt Red Ware stylistic seriation and more recently proposed changes to Roosevelt Red Ware typology and chronology.

January Meeting: Our next Zoom meeting, on Tuesday, Jan. 12, at 7:30 pm*, will feature Pat Gilman, Ph. D., who will present Ancient Macaws in Mimbres, Chaco and the Hohokam. Scarlet macaws were the most spectacular item in the ancient southwestern United States obtained from farther south in Mexico. They were present and contemporary at Mim